Globalisation Essay | A Lens Through History
Most people tend to think of the term ‘globalisation’ within the context of the 21st century, with its great advances in technology, communication and transport. Globalisation isn’t a new concept, however, although the term itself has only found widespread application since the 1970s. For millennia, empires such as the Assyrian, Babylonians, the Greeks and most famously, the Romans transferred their cultures, technologies, languages and an entirely new way of life to other nations albeit forcefully. This influence went beyond just social aspects and transcended the archaic form of globalisation as we knew it into its modern forms. The great Silk Trade spanning China and Europe opened up new commerce routes and also introduced the world to Zen culture.
In all its archaic, medieval and modern settings, just what is globalisation? There isn’t a specific definition of the term because of how big its influence sphere is. Several attempts have been made at dissecting the etymology of the word, and the universal consensus is given to the following stripped down definition:
Globalisation refers to a process or a trend in which the world becomes more closely interconnected through the avenues of trade, infrastructure, telecommunications, investment, and migration.
Globalisation is a vibrant concept, difficult to pin down on a single agenda. What is key in its definition is increasing interaction across state or national boundaries, cultural and social exchange, divestment of resources and fluidity of forex movement, and a more interconnected world through advanced communication technologies. Your globalisation essay should showcase an understanding of the various facets that create an open world society, and the ramifications of this interaction on everything from the environment, geopolitics, trade, culture and other numerous aspects affected by it.
Creating an Argumentative Essay on Globalisation That Stands Out
By now, you must have realised, globalisation is a huge topic. Your essay could require you to talk about anything, from aid policies and their impact on developing countries, the impact of the Marshall Plan on new age global politics, to the effectiveness of a military alliance such as NATO in ensuring peace in the Crimean Peninsula. The simplest kinds of these essays would require you to debate on the benefits of globalisation and its impacts on elements such as the environment and social equality.
An argumentative essay requires you to take a stand on an issue and support it with facts and evidence. You also have to anticipate any arguments that the opposition may use to counter your own point of view. The essay would begin with a background of the debate prompt, placing the issue into context (both historical and current), and culminating with a tentative thesis statement which gives your hypothesis on the matter. Let’s pick a very general essay prompt which seeks you to take a position on whether globalisation has negative or positive effects on social equality.
Before starting out your writing, you need to plan your research adequately, focusing on the element of social equality in both positive and negative light. Debates are always quite subjective. The winning debate is the one which draws the issue out perfectly, supporting it with concise arguments, offering solid rebuttals and making great use of facts and evidence. Whether you support the affirmative or not doesn’t matter much.
From Thesis to an Entire Debate
Your thesis statement is the core of your essay. This is what your arguments build upon, and what your conclusion will ultimately draw from. With your thesis, you are introducing the reader to your thought process and what sources your research might look into. While the essay might cover a few positive or negative aspects within the sphere of globalisation, your thesis should focus on the most important of these. For instance, you could mention that globalisation has created an unfair trade environment in which poorer countries are forced to import from developed countries with negative impacts on their economies as your main point. You could then expound on this point in your main body to include other arguments. For example, you could mention that globalisation has skewed trade surpluses in favour of producing countries, which places undue pressure on poorer countries which need goods anyway but can’t afford to pay face value for the same commodities. You could also mention that increased pollution due to industrialisation has more adverse effects on poorer countries which can’t afford renewable energy sources.
Once you have introduced your thesis to the reader, it’s time for creating a scintillating argument. Each argument you present should be backed by three or more evidence or statistics. In addition, every source that you make use of in your essay should be properly referenced, and relevant in the time-space spectrum. Statistics are always a good way to support your arguments, for example, you could mention comparative figures for immigration numbers from a low-income country to developed countries due to migrants searching for a better life.
Globalisation has far-ranging implications for environmental sustainability, geopolitics, trade, and technological innovation. However, positions have started changing, and alliances are shifting. You need to understand these different elements and their relevant timelines in order to create a globalisation essay that fully delivers. A keen understanding of events such as Brexit, pulling out by the United States from global alliances such as the TPP, potential trade wars, immigrant migration to Europe and the falling influence of bodies such as the UN will help give your essay credibility.
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